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Friday, January 23, 2009

Vinyl Cutting: Everything You Wanted To Know

Edited To Add: Links to downloadable graphics & a FREEBIE are at the bottom of this post!
More answers to reader's questions can be found on Vinyl Cutting Machines: More of What You Wanted to Know

June 2010: I have also written a blog series for the Blog that has all the info you need to begin vinyl cutting with your Cricut, Silhouette SD, Wishblade, craft Robo, Inspiration and Gazelle. Click HERE to read EVEN MORE helpful information on vinyl cutting that is not available anywhere else online and click HERE to view specially-made vinyl cutting files you can download, cut & sell on your vinyl cutting machine!


As promised, here is all the information about my craft cutter. First, a little crash-course in the history of vinyl cutting:

Vinyl cutters have been around for quite a while but they were so incredibly expensive that commercial sign shops were the only ones who could afford them. The prices of several commercial vinyl cutters fell this last decade because technology got cheaper and vinyl lettered signs were replaced by more advanced printing techniques. These lower equipment prices allowed individuals and small businesses to buy them for home use when interior decorating vinyl applications became popular. Today commercial vinyl cutters can be purchsed for as little as $650 for desktop-sized models and several digital craft cutting machines offer the ability to cut vinyl and other papers for as little as $199.

So What's The Difference Between A Craft Cutter & A Commercial Cutter?

A commercial cutter is specifically intended to cut vinyl. Everything about it - the blades, the cutting head and the software - have been specifically designed to work with vinyl materials only. Craft cutters are a hobby machine. They lack precision and cutting quality as a trade-off for being able to cut more than one substrate. They can handle scrapbook paper, cardstock, vellum, vinyl and photo paper. The user is able to switch cutting heads and adjust the cutting depth to ensure it's reliable when cutting vinyl but the edges are never as smooth and cleanly cut as what a commercial cutter can do. They also have more size limitations, requiring you cut any vinyl down to a non-standard width before feeding it through the machine.

On the bright side, having owned a craft cutter myself, they are IDEAL for hobby & fun family use. In addition to vinyl, I cut paper embellishments for handmade cards, craft projects for Aiden to assemble and gift tags year-round. It has proven valuable in more ways than I imagined and if you are only cutting vinyl for yourself, a few friends and to use to make gifts, it's the way to go.

What machine do you have and how much did it cost?

I have the QuicKutz Silhouette. In the scrapbook world it is sold under the QuicKutz name but is actually made by Graphtec who also sells it independently as the CraftRobo.

I bought mine on eBay in May 2008 from a small scrapbook store in Utah that was liquidating it's inventory. I paid $250 shipped for my machine. At the time the suggested retail price was $399. Now the MSRP is $369 and you can often find them on sale for $299. SignWarehouse sells the CraftRobo with some additional accessories and a script font pack for $325. I would recommend calling them to order and asking to swap the DigiMAG magnet sheets for a roll or two of Oracal 631 vinyl. Be sure to ask for free shipping on top of that if it's not already included. You'll need to set up an account with SignWarehouse to do this and provide a tax ID if you have a small business that will sell the vinyl.

Oracal What? What kind of vinyl do you use?

In short, I use the good stuff. I've worked with several vinyls but trust me, you're going to like Oracal. I use Oracal 631, which is a matte vinyl. Matte vinyl looks very much like interior paint and gives the appearance of your lettering being flawlessly hand-painted on your projects and walls. At first glance you'll see it's rated very poorly for outdoor use, which is how all vinyls are rated, but it's a wonderful product. It's specifically meant for this type of indoor use and has a repositionable, water-based adhesive. This means if you gently lay it down and you need to pick it up and re-center it, you can without having ruined the entire piece. The water-based adhesive means it's easy to remove any sticky residue the vinyl leaves with just water and maybe a squirt of Windex. Oracal 631 is the matte finish and Oracal 641 is the glossy finish. If you're going to use glossy vinyl, spend a bit more and get the Oracal 651. It's thicker and won't stretch, warp or tear as easy.

Special Note: Do not ever use cast vinyl on your walls! Vinyl is universally rated by it's outdoor durability and any literature from the manufacturer will list cast vinyl, like Oracal 751 and 851, as being their most superior product. It is, but not for interior wall applications. Cast vinyl is very durable and has a permanent polyacrylate adhesive. If you put it on your walls, it will stay there indefinately or rip all the wall spackle and half of the sheet rock away with it. You'll need to replace the entire section of drywall if you want it off. Oracal 631 and 651, in my opinion, are the absolute best vinyls for home decor applications. If you're cutting decals for car windshields, 751 and 851 would be considered premium vinyl but 641 or 651 would also do the trick. They'd just peel off after 3 years instead of 7 or 8. Oracal 631, 641 and 651 are all calendered vinyls.

This might just be my opinion but I think Oracal vinyl is the easiest to weed and the most forgiving. If nothing else, it's more user-friendly when you go to apply it. THAT I have lots of experience with! The application tape that's used plays a big role, too, but that's another topic.

You mean the vinyl doesn't come out of the machine ready to put on the wall?

Far from it. Vinyl comes in rolls as one continuous sheet of film. Basically it's one giant sticker sheet without any stickers cut out of it. It's made up of the vinyl face (what you put on the wall) and the paper backing. Just like the sticker sheet, the paper backing has a slick side that covers the vinyl adhesive until you're ready to apply it to your wall. The backing is marked with a grid to help you cut the vinyl to fit your machine.

A vinyl cutter cuts lines in the piece of vinyl you give it. That's it. So when you feed a sheet of vinyl into the cutter, the sheet comes out looking exactly the same as when it went in. The only difference is there are lines all over it which you can see when you tilt it in the light. Your design has been cut but it's up to you to do the rest of the prep work. (This is why a roll of vinyl is realatively cheap but completed wall vinyl is expensive. It's very labor intensive!) YOU have to remove the excess vinyl around your design by hand. This is called weeding. Then you have to use a special tape, called application tape, which you place over your vinyl so you can peel the vinyl from the backing and place it on the wall without loosing any of your letter spacing. Sound complicated? It's not. Just time-consuming.

To save myself a lot of typing, I'm just going to link you up to an online tutorial that has pictures of all the steps you have to go through before vinyl is ready to go on your wall or project. This is called "weeding and prepping" the vinyl. Now you can laugh along with me when I hand over completely prepped vinyl designs and people ask if it comes out of my machine that way! I really wish it did. I hate taping. what TAPE do I buy?

Start here at SignWarehouse because they have a great selection, competitive prices and since they're also in Texas, shipping is less expensive because they're closer than other suppliers.

I learned the hard way, from my very first online vinyl design purchase, that a poor quality application tape can actually ruin your vinyl when you go to put it on the wall and the tape won't release without ripping the paint and vinyl back off with it. Seriously consider using a high-quality tape. My favorite is R-Tape's standard application tape "ApliTape". It's one of the more expensive but I like how thick the actual tape paper is and how it performs in general. When I first began I ordered one roll of R-Tape and one roll of Sign Warehouse's brand Endura Perfect Tear. I and everyone else who has helped me tape prefer the feel and application ease of the R-Tape.

So now what width of tape do you order? That's up to you and it depends on what you're going to do with your vinyl. 90% of the vinyl I cut is for small projects with letters that are 4 inches tall or less. For me the R-tape 4.25 inch roll is ideal for most of my taping needs. I also have an 8 inch roll of the Endura Perfect Tear that I use when I cut at my machine's maximum size so I don't have to use strips of 4 inch tape to cover the vinyl. I would honestly suggest purchasing two rolls of tape so you have the ability to grab the large roll and tape full-size cuts cleanly while also having the option to grab a small roll to quickly tape small cut jobs. If you only want to buy one size tape, you'll want to select the full-size roll and then cut off smaller pieces for taping smaller vinyl items. If your cutter can cut up to 24 inches wide, you're going to need the 24 inch roll.

Special Note: My walls are the super-crappy builder grade sprayed-on eggshell paint in a color I LOVE. And I'd like the spackle to stay there when I apply vinyl. R-Tape and Endura Tape both work very well on the most powdery-finished eggshell walls, including crappy builder grade. Other cheaper tapes do not. Cheap tapes DO work on nice, smooth satin and semi-gloss painted walls so if you're certain you'll never be applying the vinyl to eggshell walls - and you would enjoy having a full roll of heavy-duty spackle remover - then it's okay to get the cheap stuff. It's also okay to shout profanity, throw the roll of cheap tape into the street and order the better quality tape.

There's MORE? What else could I possibly need to buy?

Oh yeah, there's more! Let's forget all the fonts and graphic art collections that are out there and focus on the tools you're going to need:

X-acto Knife: This one is a must. You can buy them in bulk online or you can buy one at Michael's or Hobby Lobby. Most people use it to weed. I personally don't but I use mine frequently to finish cuts that my cutter stuttered along or simply didn't connect correctly. (see: Craft Cutter)

Weeding Tool: Lots of people use an X-acto Knife but if you're cutting small little letters you're going to need something better. I LOVE this bubble popper tool. They're about $2 after shipping and worth every penny. This is my primary weeding tool and also my small-vinyl application tool. You use the needle end to stab and pull away excess vinyl - like the little half-circle left in the top of a lowercase 'e' - and then you flip it over and use the burnisher to apply the vinyl to buckets, valentine mail boxes, glass votive holders....anything! When you want to remove the vinyl, the needle end helps you get under the edge to get it started.

Squeegees: You need something to mash the vinyl onto the wall with and these squeegees are easier to hold and use than a credit card. They're not absolutely necessary but for only a buck after shipping, why not have a tool meant for the task? I opt for the yellow 4 inch ones because they're easy to spot among discarded pieces of backing & application tape so they're not accidentally thrown away. (For this reason I would suggest you not buy the white!) They also come in other hideous colors and 6 inch widths. Being the color-coordnated person that I am, I buy the 6 inch squeeges in blue and the 4 inch squeeges in yellow. Again, this is so I can quickly grab the size I need out from under all the junk I keep on my work table. :)

Yard Stick: Just go to Wal-Mart and get one. The wood ones are $2 and the metal ones are $5.
You'll need it to measure larger things, like blank wood boards. I also use strips of blue painter's tape to tape my wooden yard stick to the wall to give me a firm, straight edge when I hang phrases without having to make and then erase pencil lines that smudge my crappy builder paint. (The vinyl is thin enough I can slip it between the wall and the yard stick for letters like 'y' that dip below the line.)

Level: Get a 36 inch one if you can. If not, 24 inches will work. These are at Lowe's and Home Depot for $20 - $35. Even better, buy your husband one for Father's Day or Christmas. Two birds with one stone... You'll need it for drawing level pencil lines on the wall and for leveling in general.

Tay's Cheap Trick: Of course I have a cheap trick! Stack any size level (usually tiny) on top of your yard stick and place both on the wall, holding them together firmly. Once you are level, trace a line along the bottom of your nice long yard stick. No huge level required. Works great when your friends barely have enough tools to justify owning a garage but they want you to hang their vinyl while you happen to be over one day. :)

Comfy Grip Scissors: Not absolutely necessary but we fight over my one rubber-cushioned pair when I have friends over to help prep vinyl for our craft days. They're worth the money.

Vinyl Colors I Use The Most: (it may surprise you that pink doesn't top the list)

Chocolate/Dark Brown
Light Brown (more of a caramel or khaki shade; Oracal #081)
Light Pink (Oracal Soft Pink #045)
Metallic Silver
Dark Red (oracal 631 #030)

I have a rainbow of other colors but these are the ones I always seem to be cutting. I first ordered just White & Black. I had them a day and ordered Ivory & Dark Brown, wishing I'd had the ivory to begin with. I really haven't cut as much from black as I thought I would. I'm on my second big roll of Dark Brown and Ivory and third roll of White. Hopefully this helps you choose. Be sure to splurge and order a roll in your favorite holiday color or one that matches your child's room. I just HAD to have navy blue to go with the dark brown for Aiden's surfer room. I've cut off the roll just three times but each time I'm so happy I have it!

If you only need one piece of a specific color or you want to try a color before you buy a roll, check out eBay. E-mail the seller to have it pre-cut to fit your machine.

You never did tell us how big your Silhouette can cut, Tay.

Oh, right! The Silhouette claims it can cut 8 inches tall by 39 inches long. I haven't tried a cut longer than 30 inches because I had tracking failure at that length. If I ever feel like trying again, I'll move the cutter onto the largest flat space I can find and feed only the smoothest, uncurled piece of vinyl through. Hopefully that will work out better for me.

Okay I just bought a Silhouette and it has cut itself and ruined everything I have fed through it! It's nothing but a $300 paper shredder! Help me?

Welcome to the Owner's Club! Don't feel bad. I have a college degree and am what most would consider to be "very crafty" and it still took me a week to get my machine to play nice. This won't make sense to anyone else but here's the run-down:

Use the Blue Cap

Set the Media Type to "Film, Vinyl with Adhesive Back"

Set the cutting speed to 9 for letters over 2 inches and 8 for letters smaller than 2 inches tall;
Set the thickness to 7 for Oracal white, ivory, lime tree green and ice blue vinyl colors;
Set the thickness to 6 for most other Oracal colors
(You're on your own with other brands of vinyl.)

*Do NOT cut Oracal 631 white vinyl on anything less than a speed of 9, thickness of 7. You can up the speed to 10/thick 7 for white vinyl with letters over 2 inches. Less than this and the vinyl will only be scored, not completely cut.

Do you happen to know the name of the software I need to "unlock" my Cricut so I don't have to buy these ridiculously priced cartridges?

Yes, you're looking for Sure Cuts A Lot by

Can Commercial Cutters and your Silhouette use the fonts you have on your computer?

Yes. Silhouette accepts True Type fonts only. You'll need to use an editing software to type your phrase in an Open Type font and then save it as a JPG or an EPS and then cut.

What is an EPS?

It's the file format commercial cutters use.

What software do I need?

Nothing really, your machine will come with software that lets you cut text & basic shapes. If you want to re-size images and save them in different formats, Photoshop Elements is all you need. (And some lessons on how to use the software from your local community college.)

How do you know all this stuff?!!

I like to know a little bit about everything and I read a lot! And I worked as a graphic design artist before I had Aiden. :)

EDITED TO ADD: Yes, I design graphics for both commercial and hobby vinyl cutters! You can find them at I pride myself on delivering extremely clean, smooth-cutting graphics that surpass everything else being offered on the market today. (My friends say I'm the worst perfectionist they know! LOL!) All commercial EPS files are repositionable to give you the ultimate freedom in mixing and matching text & flourishes to deliver the custom cuts your clients want.

EPS Graphics With Commercial License

Personal Use Craft Cutter Graphics (SVG & GSD)

FREEBIE WordArt for Commercial & Hobby Cutters


Western Family said...

Thanks Tay for all the very helpful information. I love my Silhoutette and I am very thankful for all your shortcuts that you passed on. The silhouette is not as friendly as the Cricut but once you get the hang of it is very easy to use.

Kelsey said...

I cant believe you took the time to write all that. HOly crap!

Anonymous said...

Hi Tay,
Thanks for sharing your knowledge. I purchased a commercial vinyl cutter a few months ago, and find myself frustrated with the software. I have CS3 (which I don't know how to use). Are you able to give me some steps to follow to design some of the beautiful 'text art' I see on tiles, walls and crafts.

Kind Regards
Kristin in New Zealand

Anonymous said...

Do you use the software that came with your machine? Robo Master is what mine is's pretty user friendly and I can do simple things but I am looking specifically for a way to overlap text (think interlocking 3 initial monogram) and I can get it laid out but when it cuts the interlocking parts of the letters the overlapping parts of the letters are cut twice....I tried "weld" but lost a good bit of my lettering. I know it can be done but just not sure if I can use that software. Also do you have the graphic for a peace sign?

Anonymous said...

you photographs are really lovely

Anonymous said...

I found your blog by doing a google search. I have a laserpoint commercial cutter on the way. I need it for vinyl for my tshirt press and for wall art. I am trying to find small amounts of Oracal 851, I want to cut monograms out of a tough vinyl that can be applied to stainless tumblers. Any ideas where to get that type of vinyl and less than 5 yards so I can test it first?



Little Prairie Designs said...

Thanks Tay for all the great info! I just purchased the sil sd and can't wait to get it. I am wanting to cut vinyl and went to SignWarehouse, but I'm confused. They have 630-Perf and Non-Perf. Is this perforated? What does this mean?


Creates said...

After hours of dong research on cutters I learned more from your site then all sites combined I've viewed. I want to thank you for your generosity in sharing your knowledge.


Cat said...

I am wanting a vinyl machine that is easy enough to use at Christmas shows to add personalization to products on the spot. Am I nuts? Is there something out there that is easy enough to use that would allow me to do this?

Anonymous said...
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Anonymous said...

Thank you so much for posting this! I just got a Cricut & was unsure how to begin with using vinyl & this helps IMMENSELY!! THANKS!

Shelly said...

Wow, great information. I've been doing a lot of cutting for my scrap books. I found a cute little site called Macro Enter they have rolls of vinyl for only $12 not many colors though :( but for the price you can get your basics. Take a look

Anonymous said...

What kind of vinyl do you use for sippy cups, wine glasses and etc.. Also, can you put this in the dishwasher on the top rack?

Tay said...

Thank you for your comments! If you would like me to e-mail you PLEASE put your e-mail address in the comment section so I have some way of contacting you!

Tay said...

Vinyl can be put on glasses and sippy cups but it won't last. Oracal 641 or 651 is probably going to be your best bet I would guess - I've never done it before.

Vinyl CANNOT EVER go in the dishwasher! Not unless you're using cast vinyl which is permanent, similar to what they use on vehicle wraps.

Vinyl also cannot be stored in the attic or in heat over 75° because the heat will pucker & curl the vinyl, removing it from your projects.

Unknown said...

I just read everything! Thanks for all the helpful tips and hints! I am looking to do gift bags for a wedding. I am thinking of using the tin tie coffee bags and creating a vinyl sticker to go it. Any suggestions as to what will make it work the best? Thanks!

KayceeM said...

thanks! great info. Ive been making vinyl art for about a year and I love it! So much fun. I have a customer who is convinced she is going to paint over her vinyl (decorative...) I cant convince her otherwise, she has it all planned in her head. It is a Oracle 631 white. Do you think the paint will adhere to the vinyl? Im not sure what to tell her exactly but Im worried it will look terrible!

Kay said...

Thank you so much for sharing your hard earned knowledge about vinyl cutting. I have a Silhouette SD and also a Cricut. I think I read that I can use Photoshop Elements to create a design and save it to ESD but that is not a format that I can use with my two cutters. What software can I use to save to the format I need for Silhouette?

Matt said...

I really appreciate all this info, but I do have one question. How do you go about creating multicolored "inlays" for your customers??
Imagine a "cartoony" style bird with a blue head, white eyeballs, black lines around the eyeballs and beak, yellow beak, maybe some other details, etc.
How would you go about all that, and, would you just send the different colored "parts", or do you "pre-assemble" it all on one sheet for your customers' ease of installation?

Thanks so much !

Anonymous said...

Thanks so much for sharing all of this information. I am a graphic artist as well and I got a silhouette a few months ago. I just ordered a bunch of vinyl to get started and I have also ordered the vinyl stater kit. I appreciate your advice and especially where I can buy more vinyl that is good quality. Thanks! or

Unknown said...

Thanks for all the help. If I were to buy a cricut expression 2 would the sure cuts a lot software work on that version as well?

crystal said...

Gosh! I am really interested in beginning a decal endeavor and looking for experienced knowledge. You have provided that. Thank you!

Rach said...

Thanks for the info! Just curious, you mentioned that you use ivory vinyl often, I have been searching for ivory or off-white and I can't find it anywhere! I noticed Oracal has beige, is this a good "ivory" color, or where do you find it?
Thanks so much!!

Natalie said...

I currently have a Cameo and it works great but what would you recommend as a commercial grade vinyl cutter (if I wanted to do this on a professional level)?

BTW - great article!

jade said...

I am trying to find small amounts of Oracal 851, I want to cut monograms out of a tough vinyl that can be applied to stainless tumblers. Any ideas where to get that type of vinyl and less than 5 yards so I can test it first? vinyl lettering

Tom Burke said...

@Natalie: I've been having good results with my 24" Silver Bullet Professional.

Unknown said...

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Tamra said...

I received a Silhouette Cameo for Christmas. I have been trying to figure out as much as I can on how to use it since I didn't even know what a "cutter" was until I got one. I have looked at quite a few sites that were helpful for beginners, but your blog is absolutely the best!!! Thank you so much for taking the time to help out those of us who are just starting out and thought that a Silhouette was the cute profile picture made of our children when they were in kindergarten :)

Unknown said...

nice post Vinyl wrap, thanks for share.

Unknown said...

Do you have to connect your machine to your lap top? Or is there patterns that come with it that you can just cut. I'm sorry I'm so confused. I'm ready to buy my machine today. But I'm just so very lost and already feel defeated. The Cricut is compatible to iphones and i pads. Is the sillouite compatible to any phones or tablets? Thank you so much.

Alice said...

This is an amazing guide, Tay.

Thanks very much for the detailed write-up, and particularly the tool recommendations.

We've included both a link to this post and Peppermint as a valuable resource on our site:

Alice :)

Unknown said...

Thanks for this very useful info you have provided us. I will bookmark this for future reference and refer it to my friends. More power to your blog.

Unknown said...

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Unknown said...

Tay, what a great post! We really love our new Silhouette Cameo 3 for cutting wall designs and for cutting vinyl for t-shirt transfers. Really enjoyed reading about vinyl cutting on your blog! Thanks!

Unknown said...
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